Khan’s office claimed the expansion would reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions by 285 to 330 tonnes, carbon dioxide emissions by 135,000 to150,000 tonnes and the number of the “most polluting cars on London’s roads” by 20,000 to 40,000 a day.
Air pollution caused around 1,000 annual hospital admissions for asthma and serious lung conditions in London between 2014 and 2016, according to a 2019 report.
A coroner ruled in 2020 that air pollution made a “material contribution” to the death of a nine-year-old London girl in 2013 – the first time in Britain that air pollution was officially listed as a cause of death.
Some opposed the previous ULEZ expansion, arguing it is a “tax” on poorer drivers least able to afford to replace their polluting vehicles and would hit small businesses.
The charge is applicable to cars, motorcycles, smaller vans and minibuses and is based on their declared emissions rather than age.
Petrol cars first registered after 2005, and diesel cars after September 2015, typically meet the ULEZ standards and are exempt.
Those who drive a vehicle in the city centre at the busiest times also have to pay a congestion charge of GBP15, a measure first introduced in 2003.
With material from Channel News Asia Read More